Good writers weave exposition subtly into the action so it doesn’t interrupt the narrative flow. Proper exposition appears to derive directly from the viewpoint character’s thoughts or memories.
In the proper blending of narrative and exposition, the author communicates information to the reader through:
- What the characters say,
- What the characters do,
- What the main character thinks, and
- What the main character remembers.
This blending is achieved by using detail, dialogue, and description—the components of the Three-D Technique.
Detail: Use the specific rather than the general.
Dialogue: Direct conversations between the characters, especially characters in conflict, reveal their personalities. Dialogue moves the story along and turns narrative into interesting conversation. Develop a different style for each character.
Description: Draw from all five senses to describe the setting and the characters. Use sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch to create a mood.